Metro de Málaga is intended to provide a transport service that meets the mobility needs of the citizens of Malaga, contributing to the development of the city in a sustainable way.
Committed to preventing pollution, protecting the environment and continuously improving environmental performance, Metro de Málaga helps to create a more sustainable city, contributing to the reduction of cars on the roads and thereby improving air quality in the city of Malaga.
Reduction of air pollution
The transport sector is one of the main sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Within this sector, rail transport is considered as the most efficient system in terms of energy consumption, it is deemed an environmentally sustainable transport system.
Compared with private vehicles or the buses, the Metro reduces air pollution and the emission of greenhouse gases, the principle causes of the global warming on the planet.
In the case of Malaga, the location of El Perchel station which connects suburban lines 1 and 2, in addition to the María Zambrano interchange, allows the connection with other equally efficient from an energy point of view, means of public transport, (the AVE, national and local trains together with intercity buses), thereby contributing to the reduction and decongestion of road traffic and consequently to the improvement of air pollution.
Metro de Málaga train units are energy efficient and have been especially designed to achieve a perceptible reduction in energy consumption. This has been made possible thanks to amongst other things, the lightweight materials with which they have been manufactured and by being equipped with braking energy recovery systems, by means of the use of regenerative brakes which allow energy savings of up to 20% during braking which is then returned to the grid.
Additionally Metro de Málaga pursues energy efficiency by taking advantage of available resources and technology. The solar photovoltaic and thermal installations used have been designed to integrate the solar panels with the environment with the aim of minimizing the visual impact. Thanks to these installations solar energy is transformed into electrical energy, and in addition heat is produced in the form of clean hot water for future use.
Information on the capacity of the solar installations:
Solar Thermal: 9 panels, which represent a total area of 19.26m², with an average production capacity of 1.875 litres of clean hot water per day.
Solar photovoltaic: 218 panels with a maximum power of 47 KW and a production of 80.055 KWh during 2016.
Additionally, Metro de Málaga uses a lighting system both in stations and on the platforms, of high energy efficiency which allows for a reduction in energy consumption when not in use.
The access escalators to the stations have been equipped with systems which reduce consumption when not in use, thus increasing energy efficiency.
In addition, we are currently working on the design and implementation of improvements with the objective of reducing electricity consumption.
Another disadvantage of using private vehicles is the large amount of land used. Although the application of new technologies to the automotive industry is contributing to the reduction of energy consumption and air pollution, cars will not be able to solve congestion problems, nor the problems of occupying public space in the cities. The area needed for traffic circulation has to take into account the area needed for the corresponding parking places. The use of the Metro as an urban transport system in Malaga considerably reduces land use thereby releasing public land for the use and enjoyment of the citizens.
In addition to the intrinsic benefits that this transport system offers for the protection of the environment, Metro de Málaga actively promotes environmental respect. In particular special attention is given to the management of waste created by the repair and maintenance work carried out in our workshops, its treatment is entrusted to a Manager authorized by the Regional Government of Andalusia. Similarly office waste (paper, printer toner) is also handled by a specialized company.
Metro de Málaga procedures have been designed with the objective of responsible consumption of natural resources. The company identifies the consumption of natural resources (electrical energy, water, paper, fuel, etc.), to carry out adequate control and follow-up, and thus facilitate continuous improvement. Guidelines or good practices have been established for the improvement of these consumptions, as well as objectives and improvements for those that are deemed more significant.
On another level, the use of high-efficiency systems contribute to responsible consumption. Thus, for example, the train washing tunnel recycles up to approximately 70% of the water used in each wash.